Apr 15 2016
Ovarian cancer prognosis considered to be very poor as most cases discovered in third stage , about 75% discovered in third or even fourth stage , that mean when ovarian cancer involve both ovaries with intrapertioneal spread , or even have distant metastasis to lung , liver , bone .
However Ovarian cancer prognosis depend on many factors differ from patient to another , these factors are divided into tumor factors and patients factors .
Tumor factors and Ovarian cancer prognosis
First of all stage of ovarian cancer , as first and second degree prognosis are more better than third or fourth degree , as in first degree there are surgical option like total hysterectomy with bilateral -oopherectomy ( removal of female genital system ) , that surgery is followed by both radio and chemotherapy , so in first stages it considered curable and last stage usually undergo palliative treatment.
According to the stage , new guidelines write what say 5 year survival rate
- stage1 : 85% of patient survive about 5 years
- stage 2 : 60% of patient survive about 5 years
- stage 3 : 30% only survive
- stage 4 : only 10 % of patient survive.
Type of ovarian growth , that mean histological type of cancer , as some ovarian cancer are very malignant and spread rapidly and other are not , just for example ovarian malignant sold teratoma is very malignant type of tumor and it spread early , so it’s treatment must begin in very early stages.
Chemo or radio sensitivity , also are factors in determining prognosis of ovarian cancer as if the cancer is resistant to one or both of these therapies , it has poor prognosis than tumor is sensitive.
Tumor is primary ovarian tumor or secondary , as primary ovarian tumors have more better prognosis and have therapeutic option in first stages , but secondary are very malignant , and usually undergo palliative treatment.
Patient factors and Ovarian cancer prognosis
Age of the patient is highly considered when treating ovarian cancer as young age women is better than old age , as women with young age can endure treatment not like old one.
General female health, it also considered in ovarian prognosis as poor health have poor prognosis , not like good general health.
Psychological status of the patient help to make more better prognosis , as in depressed patient who do not like to live , usually die soon.
Another Ovarian cancer prognosis factor is the efficiency of the treatment , as surgical removal and post operative chemo and radio therapies .