According to WHO the number of people with dementia worldwide are estimated 47.5 million people. The number is expected to increase to 75.6 million by 2030 and continue to rise. Maybe for some of you do not know yet what is dementia? Dementia is not a disease but a symptom caused by illness or brain disorders. Dementia is characterized by mental disturbance which causes thinking and memory loss disorders. Dementia may also cause changes in the nature and behaviour. If left untreated, symptoms of dementia will be worse and interfere with a person’s daily activities. Dementia can only be cured if the cause incurable diseases. For example, if it occurs as a result of substance abuse, dementia can be recovered patients stop taking drugs or alcohol.
Dementia can be divided into two categories – dementia are curable and incurable. The first category is dementia can be cured with medication and good handling, while the second category is the deteriorating dementia and cannot be prevented or cured. Here is the cause of dementia can be cured: Abuse consumption of illicit substances in the long term, tumours of the brain that can be raised, subdural hematoma (bleeding in the head cavity subdural), disorders of the thyroid gland, lack of vitamins, especially vitamin B12, Hypoglycaemia, or low blood sugar, Normal pressure hydrocephalus (enlargement of the ventricles of the brain can cause memory loss).
Here is the cause of dementia cannot be cured:
Alzheimer’s disease – Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. Although it usually occurs at age 65 years and above, but Alzheimer’s disease can also occur in the age under it. The cause of Alzheimer’s disease is still not known with certainty, but the brain imaging results illustrate that the presence of plaque (beta-amyloid protein deposits) and a network of protein tau. Worsening of Alzheimer’s disease takes place slowly, 8-10 years. The Alzheimer’s sufferers usually show symptoms such as difficulty finding the right words when they want to talk and forgetfulness.
Vascular Dementia – This condition occurs because of the brain damage caused by lack of blood flow to the brain which also caused the death of some brain cells and stroke. Dementia is common in people with high blood pressure and patients who have a history of stroke or heart attack.
Lewy Body Dementia – This is one type of dementia cannot be cured. The main symptoms that arise are visual hallucinations and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, such as shaking of the hands (tremor) and muscle stiffness. Lewy Body dementia sufferers can experience sleep disturbances, including activities while dreaming.
Frontotemporal dementia (temporal front) – In patients with frontotemporal dementia, brain cells are located in the temporal lobe and frontal (front area) decreased function, which results in abnormal behaviour, language, and difficulty thinking, concentrating, and move.
Main symptoms of Dementia: Dementia is a condition that gradually gets worse. The decline in function may occur within a period of time before signs of dementia appear and get discovered. Here are the signs of dementia: Memory loss – The most common symptoms of dementia are memory loss, dementia and aging. The initial symptoms are often found is forgetfulness, such as forgetting to put the keys or wallet. These symptoms may be getting worse over time. Difficulty communicating and searching for the right words – People with dementia often difficulty in finding the right words to convey his wish. When it gets worse, sometimes patients become easily frustrated and irritable.
Difficulties in planning and organizing one thing – People with dementia sometimes very difficult to perform complicated tasks. It can be seen from things as simple as washing clothes or preparing food.
Disorientation or confusion – In addition to memory loss, dementia sufferers often experience confusion. Changes psychic – In addition to the change of the patient’s cognitive side as was mentioned, people with dementia also experience psychological or mental changes due to the reduced ability of the brain to think, reason, and remember clearly.
Who should be Seen and Treatment Available? To diagnose a person affected by dementia or not, it takes time to really learn the symptoms. The first thing to do is consult with your family doctor or a general practitioner. Inspection includes the investigation of the patient’s daily activities, and when these symptoms arise. Physical examination, laboratory and mental abilities are also required to diagnose dementia.
When dementia has been diagnosed, your GP may refer the patient to a specialist, depending on the age and symptoms of the patient. The specialist may be encountered is a geriatric experts (special elderly patients) or a neurologist.
Nowadays in Japan the dementia sufferers can be tracked by the code which is called as the Quick Response Code. aring for and keep track of people with dementia will be a major public health challenge in the years to come. Now, an innovative tracking system with dementia has been introduced in Japan.
The idea is simple and effective. A sticker placed on the finger or thumb with a code QR or Quick Response code, contain the address, phone number and ID number. “There is also a sticker that can be installed on clothing or shoes, but if the clothes and shoes replaced, problems arise. So the biggest benefit is the QR code can be attached to the patient at all times wherever they go, whatever they wear, “said Nao Hasegawa. In Japan, the code was known as “Haikai Koureisha” or “parents who walk around”. Sticker that will allow police and city officials to help people who do not know the direction because they suffer from dementia. The service is currently in a testing phase and is given free of charge. Most of the locals give a positive reaction. “I will be happy to use that system. My mother died at the age of 94 years and is very difficult to take care of him even though he did not suffer from dementia. I think this system is very helpful to be enforced, “said Machiko Kouke, Iruma city residents. The system is especially useful in Japan where more than a quarter of its citizens aged 65 years or more. So based on the topic above we do not need to worry about the dementia disease that may come to one of our relatives or families. With this technology the dementia sufferers can be tracked.
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